Cavities are very small holes that are on the surface of the teeth. They are usually caused by bacteria that reside on the surface of the teeth which formulate acid from sugar. One of the most notorious bacteria that cause dental cavities is called Streptococcus mutans.
This bacterium produces a very sticky film in the teeth known as plaque. The plaque contains an acid that erodes the minerals that coat the teeth. Two of the minerals that are eroded are calcium and phosphate. In the long run, the erosion of these important minerals leads to the formation of tiny holes. As time goes on the acid from the plaque will begin to damage the dentine layer under the enamel which will ultimately lead to the formation of a cavity.
A solution to dental cavities
Several treatments are available for tackling the problem of dental cavities. Many of them are based on a study that was conducted during the 1930s. The study suggested that cavities were caused as a result of insufficient amount of vitamin D in a person’s diet.
During the study, it was observed that kids whose diets were rich in vitamin D had a significant reduction in cavities.
If you don’t have enough vitamin D in your diet, you will become more prone to having cavities. But a lack of vitamin D in the body is not the only factor that can cause cavities, below are some things that can also cause cavities.
- Poor dental hygiene
- Consumption of food that sticks to the teeth
- Dry mouth
- Health conditions that reduce saliva level
- Bedtime eating
Next, we are going to discuss some easy ways you can address dental cavity related issues.
Always brush your teeth with fluoride toothpaste
Fluoride plays a very important role in preventing as well as fighting dental cavities. Research has shown that when you brush your teeth regularly with toothpaste containing fluoride, it will help keep your dental issue at bay.
Avoid sugary food
One of the most important things you should do if you have cavities is to stop consuming sugary foods. Reports from the WHO show that sugar is one of the prominent factors that cause cavities, they also went along to say that patient with dental cavities should not consume more than 10 percent of sugar in their entire daily calories.
As mentioned earlier, consumption of food that is rich in vitamin D is one of the most effective ways to deal with dental cavities. Some foods that are rich in vitamins are milk and yogurt. You can also get vitamin D from the sun.
Eat sugar–free gum
Clinical trial reports have shown that sugarless gum can help to mineralise the enamel. These gum has also been known to contain compounds like casein and calcium, these compounds are in the forefront in reducing dental cavity.
Consult a dentist
One thing about dental cavities is that they can develop without any serious symptoms or pain. Make it a habit to visit your dentist for checkups. So that he can determine the best way you can solve your cavity issue before it gets out of hand.