Cavities are very small holes that are on the surface of the teeth. They are usually caused by bacteria that reside on the surface of the teeth which formulate acid from sugar. One of the most notorious bacteria that cause dental cavities is called Streptococcus mutans.

This bacterium produces a very sticky film in the teeth known as plaque. The plaque contains an acid that erodes the minerals that coat the teeth. Two of the minerals that are eroded are calcium and phosphate. In the long run, the erosion of these important minerals leads to the formation of tiny holes. As time goes on the acid from the plaque will begin to damage the dentine layer under the enamel which will ultimately lead to the formation of a cavity.

A solution to dental cavities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Several treatments are available for tackling the problem of dental cavities. Many of them are based on a study that was conducted during the 1930s. The study suggested that cavities were caused as a result of insufficient amount of vitamin D in a person’s diet.

During the study, it was observed that kids whose diets were rich in vitamin D had a significant reduction in cavities.

If you don’t have enough vitamin D in your diet, you will become more prone to having cavities. But a lack of vitamin D in the body is not the only factor that can cause cavities, below are some things that can also cause cavities.

  • Poor dental hygiene
  • Consumption of food that sticks to the teeth
  • Dry mouth
  • Health conditions that reduce saliva level
  • Bedtime eating

Next, we are going to discuss some easy ways you can address dental cavity related issues.

Always brush your teeth with fluoride toothpaste

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fluoride plays a very important role in preventing as well as fighting dental cavities. Research has shown that when you brush your teeth regularly with toothpaste containing fluoride, it will help keep your dental issue at bay.

Avoid sugary food

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

One of the most important things you should do if you have cavities is to stop consuming sugary foods. Reports from the WHO show that sugar is one of the prominent factors that cause cavities, they also went along to say that patient with dental cavities should not consume more than 10 percent of sugar in their entire daily calories.

Vitamin D

As mentioned earlier, consumption of food that is rich in vitamin D is one of the most effective ways to deal with dental cavities. Some foods that are rich in vitamins are milk and yogurt. You can also get vitamin D from the sun.

Eat sugar–free gum

Clinical trial reports have shown that sugarless gum can help to mineralise the enamel. These gum has also been known to contain compounds like casein and calcium, these compounds are in the forefront in reducing dental cavity.

Consult a dentist

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

One thing about dental cavities is that they can develop without any serious symptoms or pain. Make it a habit to visit your dentist for checkups. So that he can determine the best way you can solve your cavity issue before it gets out of hand.

Teeth whitening is gaining popularity and is more easily accessible with various products promising visible results with continued use. Of course, we wish that regularly brushing our teeth would be enough to maintain a bright set of pearly whites in between dentists’ appointments but that is not the case. Factors like genetics, our diet, aging, smoking and too much fluoride can necessitate that we have regular appointments with our dentists to have the staining removed for a more confident smile.

Even as you consider the decision to whiten your teeth it is important to make an informed decision with some of the facts about teeth whitening. Here are some of those little details that can make a big difference in shading light into the process of teeth whitening;

Fix what is already broken

Whitening your teeth when you have other problems like crooked teeth or gum diseases will only result in further pain among other problems and increase the amount of money you have to pay as the whitening process won’t have an effect on the damaged teeth.

Prep with teeth cleaning

Dentists recommend you have your teeth cleaned 2 weeks prior to your whitening session because if there is any build around the teeth the bleach won’t be able to penetrate those areas which may cause less satisfactory results.

It’s not permanent

You may be thinking that it is a one-off process but that’s quite the contrary. Teeth always yellowing due to the aging process, foods we consume and habits such as smoking. The results will only last depending on how easily your teeth stain from your lifestyle choices at some point a retouch in necessary.

It only works on real teeth

This, unfortunately, means that if you have fillings or crowns they will remain unchanged after your treatment. A great alternative is to have the visible fillings on your front teeth changed so they aren’t visible when you smile.

It will never be the same

Once you start whitening your teeth, there is always a chance that your teeth with stain worse than they did before you did your first treatment. This rebound effect is of course also dictated by how well you protect your teeth from staining following your session.

The 48-hour diet

Avoid intake of dark food and drink for the first 48 hours. This would include tea, coffee red wine etc. It is an effective way to help maintain the results you have gotten.

Tooth sensitivity

This is a common side effect of your teeth are exposed to the whitening gel but is also quite normal and will disappear 12-36 hours after the whitening. You can take a painkiller for that though.

Keep the gel away from your gums

If you decide to buy a home whitening kit and do this yourself be careful not to expose it to your gums as that will lead to irritation. It goes without saying that the whitening gel should not be ingested as it may cause nausea or vomiting.